h:link/h:button outcome methods automatically called during page load without any clicks

  • I have 3 pages with 3 links that I tried implementing with h:link or simply an <a> tag. But in both cases the methods connected to these links are getting called whenever I navigate to the page.

    Here's the <a> tag implementation:

    <a href="#{bean.gotoMySrchie()}">           
        <h:graphicImage library="images" name='vo2/FavPlus.png' />
    <a href="#{bean.gotoMySearches()}">         
        <h:graphicImage library="images" name='vo2/SearchesPlus.png' />
    <a href="#{bean.gotoMyBids()}">         
        <h:graphicImage library="images" name='vo2/BidsPlus.png' />

    The h:link implementation looks like this:

    <h:link title="Searches" id="searchesLogo" value="" outcome="#{bean.gotoMySearches()}">
        <h:graphicImage library="images" name='vo2/SearchesPlus.png' />

    The problem is that each of these action methods is calling my database and this is a complete waste of a call. So is there a way in JSF2 to navigate between pages, while using the action methods for actually doing something, but without these methods getting called when I don't need them to get called?


    <a href="#{bean.gotoMySrchie()}">           
    <h:link ... outcome="#{bean.gotoMySearches()}">

    They are called as value expressions because their return value needs to be printed in there during generating the HTML output during the JSF render response phase. Their return value is used as href in the resulting HTML output. Rightclick the page in webbrowser, do View Source and look at the value of the href attribute. If those methods returned String, you'll see exactly that string being printed there.

    They are, on the contrary to what you expected, not called as method expressions during JSF invoke application phase as result of a postback. This is just a fundamental misunderstanding. To invoke actions during a postback, you need <h:commandXxx action>. This however fires a POST request, not a GET request, which may thus have many other consequences.

    Clicking a plain link by default sends a GET request not a POST request. If you want to keep using GET, which is a good thing in this specific case, then you should be doing the database job in the @PostConstruct method of the backing bean associated with target page instead of during loading the page containing those links as you did there.

    <h:link ... outcome="/searches">
        <h:graphicImage ... />
    @RequestScoped // Or @ViewScoped
    public class SearchesBean {
        public void init() {
            // Here.
        // ...

    See also: